On October 16, 2013 J’son & Partners Consulting representatives together with JSON TV group participated in the event: “Motorola Solutions Analysts Day” that had been held by Motorola Solutions¹ (¹ Motorola Solutions company – one of the leading providers of goods and services, such as provision of the critically important communications for commercial buyers and government institutions. ) in the technical center Caterham FI in Oxfordshire UK and organized specially for analytical agencies.
The participants overviewed the highly-technological solutions with the concept of “Connected Car” (for example: the prototype of police car was presented, it was equipped by the professional mobile radio connection supporting LTE). Full video about the event can be seen on JSON TV portal:
J’son & Partners Consulting presents the report about perspectives of broadband services implementation in the professional mobile radio connection networks, based on LTE.
Nowadays the most popular standards of digital professional mobile radio connection (PMR) are TETRA, ARCO 25 etc. (among private and government special services). Nevertheless, these standards are not suitable for the highly demanding data transfer market – “heavy” content such as online video, large files transfer etc. As a result, LTE is becoming one of the candidates to replace PMR standards in the nearest future.
Some broader telephony functions are absent on the current 4G, that is being used for PMR:
High quality voice channel
Background noise suppression
Encryption on the level of radio interface
Group call and broadcast
Terminals to terminals calls
Moreover there are almost no safe and powerful devices for supporting professional services based on LTE.
Key market players forecast the transition from TETRA and other PMR standards on LTE systems in the coming 5-7 years and these changes will solve most of abovementioned problems. The use of LTE for emergency services communications will not be available until 2018 and the appropriate quality of VoLTE for such subscribers is expecting not early than in 2020, in accordance with the estimations of the TCCA working group² (² Critical Communications Broadband Group) (TETRA Critical Communications Association)
TETRA/LTE technologies will be co-exists before the transition will be completed. There are already a lot of solutions for integration of these technologies. The most optimistic analysts claim LTE as a de-facto future standard for Public safety. (Commercial projects have been launched only in North America and Middle East in this segment).
Despite the very promising first investments in LTE Public Safety segment, there are a lot of key problems that must be solved, such as: the provision of frequency band, investments in the launch of private LTE networks, to assure the quality of services (QoS) for special users (in commercial networks), to provide the comparability with current networks of land mobile radio connection (such as APCO 25 and TETRA).
According to Mind Commerce analysts, in 2013 -2018 the market of public safety systems based on LTE will increase with an average annual rate of growth in 43% and will reach 10 bln USD at the end of forecasted period vs 1.8 bln USD in 2013. Operators will receive the main revenue share, vendors and system integrators are coming next (they will be able to gain profit from “hardware” deliveries, integration services, providing management services etc.)
Middle East, Asia Pacific region and Latin America will lead in the growth rates of Public Safety LTE technologies implementation, Europe will be after, mainly due to the strict policy in frequency regulations. There is an example of commercialization of technology in Middle East – the project deployed in MIA (Ministry of Internal Affairs) of Qatar.
It is being forecasted that more than 1.5 subscribers will use LTE at the end of 2016. They mostly will be served in the public mobile networks and only around 500 thousands in private (fixed) LTE networks. At the end of 2012 the number of subscribers of private LTE networks will reach the number of 3 mln people and most of them will be located in North America.
The volume of used PMR devices in 2012 was around 41 mln pcs, this figure is increasing for 2% annually. IMS Research had estimated the subscribers base of DMR standard as 2,13 mln subscribers (55% growth in the world). Analysts forecast the increase till 7,19 mln subscribers. High expectations are mainly due to the use of LTE standard in PMR systems – over 1,5 mln. subscribers to 2016. The number of subscribers of the modern digital PMR in Russia is estimated in hundred thousands. The optimal scenario for Russia could be the use of public LTE networks together with TETRA or implementation of broadband systems BBDR as a virtual private networks on commercial LTE networks, there is no other options for now as there is a frequency deficiency in Russia.
PMR evolution passed several stages of the development (from analog to digital systems, the expansion of TETRA possibilities in data transfer, etc) and reached the stage of implementation of professional services over the LTE networks (PMR-over-LTE). In the future (2020 – 2025 years) the transition on ALL-IP systems is expecting. These systems will provide voice and data transfer with a guaranteed quality and there will be no necessity in a separate networks of digital radio connection that are aimed at voice and data transfer with a low speed.
According to FAIS data, as of October 2013, over 2 thousand of TETRA base stations deployed in Russia, that is 36 % (2096 stations) of the total trunking connection base stations (see Fig. below). Projects with DMR, ARCO and GSM-R standards are also developing.
TOP 5 regions by number of TETRA base stations (BS):
Saint Petersburg 218 BS
Moscow 203 BS
Khanty-Mansi Autonomus District– Yugra – 150 BS
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District – 145 BS
Maritime territory (Primorsky kray) 139 БС
The largest and most popular PMR projects in Russia are presented in the table below:
Main market drivers of PMR in Russia and in the world are investments in the main infrastructure on transport in the sphere of public safety, on fuel and energy companies etc; migration from analog to digital systems and the necessity of soft and hardware modernization for providing services of data transfer in PMR networks.
In particular cases, frequencies for PMR/LTE could be provided by the decision of State Committee of Radio (SCR) Frequencies:
At the end of 2010, “Osnova Telecom” company had received without an auction the frequency on
the range of 2,3-2,4 GHz around Russia for the construction of federal network (data transfer), on
condition to maintain the sub-system of the confidential connection for government needs.
RZD subsidiary (TTK) was refused in the provision of frequency for development the LTE-R (May
2013). On the session of the SCR, the head of Minister of communications and the media Nikolai
Nikiforov suggested to acknowledge the total radio frequency spectrum as a limited natural resource.
Nevertheless, on the session in December 2013, the deputy director of Federal Service for
Supervision in the Sphere of Telecom, Information Technologies and Mass Communications
suggested to provide frequencies in the range of 1797,5-1802,5 MHz to RZD (source: Vedomosti
The frequency spectrum had been already reserved for construction of LTE networks in the Public Safety segment in some countries (USA, Canada, Australia, UAE etc). In the nearest future it will help them to provide the modern broadband services in the professional mobile networks.
According to the preliminary estimations, 20 Mhz is a minimum necessity in Europe for broadband networks PPDR , while the desirable volume of spectrum is 40 – 70 MHz. The frequency spectrum in Europe for LTE networks, oriented on a public safety, will be provided no earlier than in 2015 (probably same in Russia).
Almost all existing PMR devices supporting LTE (smartphones, Tablet PCs, modems), issued for North American market (700 MHz) can not be used in Europe. Gateways are used for access to PMR. Some devices are supporting the connection to commercial LTE networks. One of the most important tendency is the appearance of the infrastructural integrated PMR/LTE solutions, oriented on the 400MHz range.
Detailed results of the research are presented in the full version of the Report: «Broadband services, perspectives of implementation in the professional mobile radio connection (PMR) based on LTE» (59 p)
1. Professional mobile radio connection (PMR), current state and market perspectives
1.1. Current market state
1.2. Evolution of PMR’s technologies and services, 1995-2025
1.2.5. PMR broadband systems
1.2.6. Use of PMR in Russia
1.3. Main market drivers
1.3.1. Investments in the main infrustructure
1.3.2. Migration on digital systems
1.3.3. The necessity of equipment and software modernization for data transfer services support
2.1. Regional pecularities
2.1.1. USA and Canada
2.1.2. West Eurpoe
2.2. Frequency band for public safety systems in the LTE networks
2.2.1. USA and Canada
2.3. Development perspectives
2.3.1. Perspectives in Russia
2.4. 4G and PMR road map
2.4.1. Key market players
2.4.2. Availability to choose the strategy for end PMR's users
3. Key projects in the field of TEDS and LTE, segment of public safety
4. Users’ devices and terminals
4.2. Tablet PCs
4.3. Other devices
Conclusions and recommendations
Subscribers’ PMR devices supporting LTE
The number of installed base station of trunking connection by sub-federal units in Russia, October 2013
Definitions and abbreviations
List of companies mentioned in the report
List of Figures
Fig. 1. Narrowband and broadband PMR networks
Fig. 2. Dynamics of subscribers’ base of DMR networks in the world, 2009-2017
Fig. 3. Forecast of the number of base LTE stations in the sphere of public safety, 2011-2017
Fig. 4. Forecast of the number of subscribers-specialists of the fast response in the broadband LTE networks (professional radio connection) 2011-2017, thousands of people
Fig. 5. Forecast of the number of subscribers of public and private LTE networks, number of placed devices, 2016
Fig. 6. Forecast of number of private LTE networks’ subscribers, 2016 and 2021
Fig. 7. Evolution of PMR and broadband services, 1995-2025
Fig. 8. Spheres of TETRA standard use
Fig. 9. Share of TETRA base stations in Russia, October 2013
Fig. 10. The increase of productivity during the transition to digital systems
Fig. 11. Data transfer apps in the sphere of public safety
Fig. 12. Key launch terms in the segment of Public Safety LTE
Fig. 13. The level of costs on construction and PMR networks’ operation, depending on business-model*
List of tables
Table 1. Specification of PMR use in different spheres
Table 2. Number of trunking base stations in Russia, at the end of 2012
Table 3. Favorite PMR projects in Russia
Table 4. Frequency band for PMR/LTE systmes for public safety
Table 5. 3GPP LTE functions in the public networks
Table 6. Main stages of acceptance of 12th 3GPP LTE release
Table 7. Favorite projects in the world by implementation of broadband connection in PMR
This Information Note is Prepared by J’son & Partners Consulting, We strive to provide factual and prognostic data that fully reflect the situation and are available to us before issuing the material. J’son & Partners Consulting reserves the right to revise the data after publication of new official information by the market players.
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