Delivery drones (Cargo UAVs) market in Russia and in the world, 2017-2020

December 2018

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Analytical Report (full version)

Delivery drones (Cargo UAVs) market in Russia and in the world, 2017-2020
Delivery drones (Cargo UAVs) market in Russia and in the world, 2017-2020
December 2018

Delivery drones (Cargo UAVs) market in Russia and in the world, 2017-2020

December 2018

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J'son & Partners Consulting presents the results of the study "The market of freight drones in Russia and in the world, 2017-2020". The world market of cargo UAVs is just being formed. At the same time, like self-driving cars, from a technological point of view, UAVs are ready for commercial operations; many manufacturers have added them to their product portfolio and are testing models of cargo UAVs. But only a few companies sell or provide freight services (in countries where use of UAVs is allowed). The study was prepared with the support of the "AERONET" Association (the only Russian professional Association of legal entities engaged in the development and operation of civil unmanned aviation systems).


Commercial use of drones for cargo transportation


A cargo UAV, cargo drone, delivery drone/freight drone is an UAV performing flight without the pilot (crew) onboard and operated in flight automatically, by the operator from control point or a combination of the specified methods developed (or modified) for delivery of various freights.


Drones for cargo transportation-a promising area for application of UAVs. There are a lot of such tests around the world and many retail companies and shippers (for example, Amazon, Alibaba, DHL, FedEx, Swiss mail, pizza manufacturers, etc.) invest in this sphere.


However, a cargo UAV industry, which with rare exceptions in some countries (e.g., Africa and China), is not fully implemented.


Drones for delivery is the youngest emerging segment of UAV, the introduction of which in the active phase of commercial operation delays both the lack of developed models of civil purpose in the market, suitable for use in the delivery of large and heavy loads at the required distance, and the existing technological and regulatory barriers.


Many companies have conducted test trials, but for various reasons, mainly legislative, related to the risks to society (as well as the entire unmanned sphere today), they cannot start commercial operation.


The situation is constrained, for example, by the lack of strong batteries that would be able to provide long and heavy transportation, so that the drone could return "back home".


Companies that plan to use cargo UAVs in their own logistics for transportation of goods are faced with the task of a comprehensive assessment of the comparative advantages and limitations, risks and economic efficiency of infrastructure and transportation in an innovative way in comparison with traditional modes of transport.


The world market for cargo drones


The commercial market for drones of various applications was formed only in the last 2-3 years (while military drones have been used for a long time). Active application received drones for photo and video recording, cartography (surveying), monitoring (surveillance), agribusiness, and media, etc. In General, the UAV market has made the transition from study to commercial operation and implementation of finished products and currently is in the stage of rapid growth.


The global market for cargo UAVs and commercial services for cargo transportation is at an early stage of commercial development. However, according to J'son & Partners Consulting, by 2020, the share of cargo drones will account for up to 9.5% of the total global commercial UAV market (% of the number of drones sold). In value terms, this is about $1.4 billion by 2020. The global market of services based on cargo UAVs by 2020 will exceed the market of sales of drones several times.


According to J'son & Partners Consulting, more than half of the foreign cargo drone offers in the world are ready for commercial sale (56% on sale, 44% in development).


According to the forecast of the Russian Association "AERONET" for the period up to 2035 delivery ranks for drones in big cities will increase up to 55% of all revenues of companies/operators operating cargo UAVs (45% - delivery in rural areas).


Multirotor systems predominate in the structure of portfolios of transport drones amongst foreign manufacturers, which account for more than half of all offers (55%). Then go fixed-wing systems (31%). Small-sized multirotor systems are currently the main offer on the market due to their lower cost and acceptable range and capacity for transporting small loads.


The general trend of the market is the increasing use of hybrid systems as cargo UAVs, combining the flight qualities and efficiency of fixed-wing systems, as well as maneuverability and the ability to take off and land vertically from multirotors.


Specifications offered on the market of cargo UAVs can vary greatly even within similar types of drones. The spread of the figures of flight range, load capacity and cost of the drone can reach multiples of values.


Legislative constraints and drivers for development


The main deterrent to the development of cargo transportation with the help of cargo UAVs worldwide is aviation legislation, which, often, does not allow providing commercial services for the delivery by drones, or greatly complicates them. Therefore, a significant part of the implemented projects is not public and is implemented in a hidden or experimental mode, and cargo UAVs are made to order and the needs of each individual customer.


However, over the past two years (2016-2017), the world has seen positive dynamics in the development and approval of regulations governing the commercial use of cargo UAVs.


One of the last such practical steps aimed at addressing regulatory issues, came from the United States. On may 3, the largest American military-industrial holding Raytheon announced that it was chosen as a key partner of the NUAIR Alliance (Northeast UAS Airspace Integration Research Alliance) when creating the first and most large-scale us air corridor for UAV testing. The test area of 80 km West of the Griffiss International Airport (New York state) has become one of 7 similar sites for testing cargo UAVs approved by the us Federal aviation administration (FAA). The corridor will allow to explore cargo UAVs and air traffic control systems in conditions as close to real as possible.


As noted in the press release of the company, NUAIR Alliance chose Raytheon thanks to its advanced developments in the field of air traffic control, in particular-software – defined low-power radar AESA area of 1 sq.m (Active Electronically Scanned Array). Many small AESA modules can be placed on cell towers or building roofs and networked - such a system can track even the lowest-flying and small-sized targets, which is not available for large traditional radar circuits.


Raytheon will assist NUAIR Alliance in the development, creation and maintenance of such a new generation air traffic control and management system optimized for cargo UAVs. It is expected that the data obtained will allow the industry and the regulator to find the optimal solution and, ultimately, will contribute to the early start of commercial use of cargo UAVs in the United States.


Experts of J'son & Partners Consulting predict that during 2018-2019, regulators of individual countries will fully allow cargo drones of different categories for the delivery of goods on a commercial basis, which will entail a rapid growth of supply in the market. Hundreds of companies will begin to offer models of UAVs and services for the transportation of a wide variety of goods – from light parcels weighing 1-2 kg, to the transportation of containers weighing hundreds and thousands of kilograms over long distances.



Despite the fact that most manufacturers (and produced UAV models) operate in the US, China and Europe, the modern center of services based on cargo UAVs is Africa.


Rwanda and Tanzania have the world's largest (and so far the only) delivery networks called Zipline and Matternet drones, whose cargo UAVs deliver humanitarian aid, blood supplies, medicines from their central warehouse throughout the country, making dozens or even hundreds of flights every day.


The success of drones in Africa and other countries that are not manufacturers and legislators of drones is due, among other things, to the fact that in these countries other transport links are poorly developed or limited (as, for example, helicopters in Africa are extremely expensive for the local population, so drones for them are the only way of rapid delivery).


It should be noted that Zipline and Matternet are American companies (headquartered in San Francisco), which launched the project in Africa not by chance, but because they were allowed by the government of Tanzania. Companies debug business processes, and as soon as permission is given in the United States-they will be able to quickly deploy mass expansion in the United States. In addition, they are developing projects in Europe and the UAE; Amazon is testing the delivery of shipments for its own purposes, postal organizations in a number of European countries are pilot projects for the delivery of shipments.


The Russian market of cargo drones


According to J'son & Partners Consulting, in the Russian market of cargo UAVs most of the products of domestic production is under development and testing of samples (60%) and only 40% of the models are ready for commercial sale. In the structure of portfolios of Russian UAV manufacturers, multicopters (multirotor systems) predominate, which account for more than half of all offers of cargo drone.


At the same time, most companies are aimed at sales in foreign markets, as they meet legislative barriers, and have not yet find a solvent demand in the Russian market.


In the case of operational harmonization of legislation that contributes to the development of hi-tech markets in Russia in general and the UAV market in particular, according to J'son & Partners Consulting, by 2021, sales of different models of cargo drones in the Russian market could reach $45 million or about 1500 units. This is a 200-fold increase to the current level.


Taking into account the existing request of the Supreme state authorities of the Russian Federation for a technological breakthrough in the country in various industry areas, as well as taking into account national territorial peculiarities (remote hard-to-reach areas, an extensive network of companies with assets located in conditions of limited transport links), the reversal of the legislation in the direction of licensing in the sphere of cargo drones could provide a basis for the development of one of the most promising fast-growing domestic high-tech markets with export potential and to minimize the gap between the world markets.


At the same time, in connection with the policy of import substitution and legislative initiatives in the field of ensuring ~ 50% of the revenue of defense enterprises in the future of several years from the production of civilian products, it is expected to actively develop commercial offers of cargo UAVs based on military drones.


However, in order to organize the full delivery of goods by means of cargo UAVs, it is necessary to remove a whole range of barriers. For example, the need for a centralized flight control system for drones, prevention of collisions in the air and security, the problem of the bandwidth of communication channels, the difficulty of modifying the UAV to carry heavy loads, the complexity of use in areas with severe climate and many others.


In addition to technological and legislative barriers, Russian manufacturers and developers are faced with economic factors that make the production of drones in Russia unprofitable in comparison with the import of foreign analogues.


That, together with the lack of venture capital financing and direct investment in the domestic market required to conduct technological R&D to achieve leadership in the competitive market of global manufacturers, as well as given the financial crisis and geopolitical time, is a threat of technological backwardness and loss of competitiveness of Russian drones without active legislative support and economic incentives for manufacturers in a dynamically growing market.


We thank AERONET Association and Gleb Babintsev for their help in conducting the research, organizing interviews with representatives of the industry and expert opinion.


The report also analyzes in details:


- The global market of cargo UAVs and forecast of its development till 2020


- Supply of cargo UAVs on the global market is 25 solutions from leading manufacturers - Helicopters, Hybrid systems/Tiltrotors, Gliders/Fixed-wing systems, Multicopters/Multirotor systems


- The Russian market of cargo UAVs and forecast of its development until 2020


- Supply of cargo UAVs on the global market is 25 solutions from leading manufacturers - Helicopters, Hybrid systems/Tiltrotors, Gliders/Fixed-wing systems, Multicopters/Multirotor systems

  • Fields of application and classification of cargo UAVs
  • Cases of application of cargo UAVs for delivery of goods, 9 descriptions.
  • Barriers and restrictions in the use of cargo UAVs for cargo transportation - technical, economic, legislative, climatic
  • List of functional positions of the organization and the description of competences necessary for work with UAVs


Example of a manufacturer profile



Country:  USA

Developer:  Zipline

Year of development: 2016

Status: in operation in Africa: from 2016 in Rwanda and 2018 in Tanzania. They plan to launch in Latin America and the United States, after obtaining permits.

Model name: Zip

Purpose/fields of application: Urgent delivery of blood and medical supplies from the central storage to the country's hospitals within a radius of 75 km in less than 45 minutes.

Technical parameters:

Cargo UAV type: fixed wing glider

Cargo, kg: 1,5

Weight without load/with load, kg: 12/13.5

Maximum takeoff weight, kg: 13.5

Flight time without load/with load, minutes: 35/35

Flight speed with / without payload, km / h: 100

Range with / without payload, 75/75

Telemetry range, km: no data available

Type and number of engines: 2, electric

Ambient operating temperature range: water and wind protection.

Type of takeoff / landing: Horizontal, from catapult

Price of the UAV, total cost of its life cycle: no data

Infrastructure: the Station control drones with operator, arrow catapults and landing mats (grid traps).



Case example of cargo drones use


Participants: Zipline and the Ministries of Healthcare of Rwanda and Tanzania.


Years: 2016-2018


Project objective/problem: Delivery of medicines and blood supplies to remote hospitals in the country for a guaranteed 15-35 minutes. Rwanda and Tanzania are poor countries without good roads and delivery to remote parts of the country is difficult and takes hours or days by road. Reducing the delivery time of medicines and blood supplies can save many lives.


Geography: all of Rwanda and Tanzania.


The type of UAV and conditions of use of drones: gliders with horizontal take-off, launched from inclined arrows. Approaching to the planned point (territory of hospital) the drone drops a box with freight on a parachute, and the employee of hospital lifts it from the earth. UAVS can be operated around the clock in any conditions – in strong winds and rain. Countries always have positive temperatures. Gliders land only on the territory of distribution centers using a parachute, which eliminates the need for any infrastructure on the side of the recipient hospitals.


Result of the pilot/testing: Zipline – they managed to create the world's first and only logistics system of cargo UAVs: the company's drones deliver blood samples, medicines, food, water and other basic necessities at a speed of about 100 km/h making more than 500 flights a day.


- In Rwanda, the company launched the cargo UAV network in October 2016 in collaboration with the government. Since the launch of the drones made 2000 flights delivering 4000 units of blood reserves and flying 100 thousand km.


- In Tanzania, the company plans to use 4 distribution centers and up to 120 GBL and makes up to 2000 deliveries per day flying around thousands of receiving points and covering an area where 10 million people live. The delivery radius of one drone 80 km and the flight Speed of 110 km/h.


Plans for further development (whether there was a mass / point introduction of UAVs in the participating companies: Continued commercial exploitation in Tanzania and Rwanda, expansion of business to other East African countries, USA and Canada as soon as legislation allows.


What are the effects of the use of UAVs, areas of work on the development of the legislative / technical framework): 1. They built world's largest operating commercial network of hundreds of cargo UAVs. 2. Cargo UAVs were integrated into the health systems of Rwanda and Tanzania at the level of process and service collaboration. So cargo UAVs became a usual delivery system for these countries.


Target audience of the study, key issues


  • Companies with an extensive branch network and extensive infrastructure, looking for ways to optimize and reduce logistics costs
  • Analytics gives their conclusion about expediency of introduction of UAV technology
  • Heads of departments and experts
  • UAV manufacturers
  • UAV distributors and integrators
  • UAV component and assembly manufacturers
  • UAV software manufacturers
  • Map service manufacturers and aerial photography companies
  • Insurance company
  • Service companies and service companies
  • Agricultural sector companies
  • Public services (police, ambulance, fire, emergency)
  • Legislative bodies, local self-government bodies
  • Investment companies and funds
  • Technology startups
  • Academic institutions and institutes

Reasons to review this report

  • The drone cargo transportation market is a new and rapidly growing segment of the drone market
  • Many drone manufacturers in the world have added to their portfolios UAV models specially designed for cargo transportation
  • Using UAVs for cargo transportation can speed up business processes and reduce costs
  • The report presents a selection of the best offers of cargo UAVS available on the market or in the process of development

Key report issues

  • Who are the main manufacturers of cargo drones in the world and what are their main offers
  • What is the status and trends of the market of cargo UAVs
  • What are the key applications and cargo UAVs
  • What are the main growth drivers and barriers of the cargo UAV market


Comments of the Russian market participants:



Vladimir Spinko, COO AEROXO

What is your flagship product in the field of cargo UAVs, what are its characteristics? If it is ready, who are the customers, industries, what is it used for?


Now we have a commercially available tiltrotor/hybrid system of UAV type, capable of delivering loads up to 2.5 kg at a distance of 100 km at a speed of about 100 km / h. Its maximum take-off weight is 20 kg (i.e. below the certification threshold for both the Russian Federation and the Western market). Sales have already started, now we are at the stage of negotiations with new customers about pilot projects. Our customers are simple citizens. In the coming months, we will present a UAV capable of delivering cargo heavier.


What incentives could be introduced for UAV manufacturers and developers in Russia based on foreign experience? What legislative changes could greatly facilitate the development of the market for cargo UAVs?


It would greatly help to simplify the obtaining of permission to fly. Ideally (as the first step) - free flights at low altitudes (for example, below 150m) outside settlements and special zones where it is impossible to fly. You can start by creating pilot zones where coordination of flights is not required. It is necessary to connect insurance companies, for example-the notification procedure of flights in the presence of liability insurance for a set amount.


What are the current obstacles to the production / development of high-tech drones on their own?


The need to regulate flights, since developing a product is only a half of the problem, it is also necessary to sell the product to customers. And many potential customers are deterred by the process of coordination of flights. There is a problem with the components. Since most of the foreign, delivery time is large (in the development of the purchase for the future will not work, as constantly trying new options). Unfortunately, there is also a lack of qualified personnel on the market.


Vasily Lukashov, CIO Innovative Integrated Systems

What is your flagship product in the direction of cargo UAVS, what are its characteristics? If it is already ready, who are the customers, industries, what is it used for?


Its pre-commercial name is X-1VL. An it will be released to the market under a different, more sonorous name. It is a hybrid system with vertical take-off and landing. A kind of mixture of the copter with the aircraft. The scheme is fully scalable; it can be implemented in various mass-dimensional parameters, depending on the payload, up to the air taxi. Unlike the other tiltrotors/convertiplanes in the same scheme, X-1VL has no complicated mechanisms.


X-1VL performs a fully autonomous flight, as well as copters, i.e. for its operation there is no need for a catapult and/or a parachute. No need for highly qualified staff. In this case, the power reserve of X-1VL, as well as cruising speed and energy efficiency is close to the indicators of the aircraft scheme of the aircraft. With the same payload, our vehicle has a power reserve of two and a half to three times greater than the multirotors system/copter. I am not afraid of this word, there are no such solutions on the market.


X-1VL is at the stage of introduction into production. The first industrial design will be commissioned in June 2018. The development of the sky for it will begin with the delivery and introduction of biological protection in the agricultural sector. It will help farmers in healthy agriculture. Together we will make food of higher quality, natural and grown without the use of chemicals.


Technical characteristics of X-1VL:

Wingspan-1.6 m

Length-0.7 m

Height-0.35 m

Power reserve-up to 1.5 hours

Payload weight-up to 800 grams

The types of payload: the introduction of entomophages, optical and NDVI camera

Autonomous vertical take-off

Stand-alone vertical landing

Flight on a given route autonomously.


What incentives could be introduced for UAV manufacturers and developers in Russia based on foreign experience? What legislative changes could greatly facilitate the development of the market for UAVs?


It is very difficult for young development companies to develop. The tangible part of incentives is a weak link. In fact, it is impossible to develop without attracting foreign investment. At the same time, the domestic investor, as a rule, does not strongly seek to take into account the existing know-how, intellectual property and already developed technologies as intangible assets, in contrast to foreign countries.


The creation of a working mechanism to support young development companies would certainly help in this matter. I am not saying that there are no such mechanisms: there is, for example, a Fund for Supporting Innovative Projects. If we really want Russia to occupy a leading position in high-tech industries, we need much more such funds and similar support mechanisms.


With the support of production, things are better. And already established production in itself is already beginning to earn.


Due to a number of circumstances, it is easier to find investors abroad and easier to sell your finished product than in your native country. The reason for this is the lag of the domestic market due to artificial legislative restrictions on the operation of unmanned systems in general.


We are not against the structuring of the market. At the same time, it would be great to use the positive experience of foreign partners. Often we bring from them only restrictive mechanisms, forgetting that they work only together with stimulating. After all, some restrictions and prohibitions market will not develop!


What legislative changes could greatly facilitate the development of the market for cargo UAVs?


First of all, the allocation of corridors in height for the flight of unmanned aerial vehicles, including — cargo. In the future-the creation of route maps, permanently assigned to cargo UAVs. There is a lot of work to be done in this area.


What obstacles exist at the moment for the production / development of high-tech drones on their own?


Speaking of development, for us, as an employer, strange as it may sound — the main problem is the lack of qualified personnel: electronic engineers, specialists in aerodynamics, programmers of embedded systems, designers.


Another problem is that the development customer is ready to pay for the result (it can be understood), and in order to achieve this result, when it comes to innovative solutions and products, it is necessary to carry out scientific work as well. If to talk about science, more precisely its financing, things are not really good. Private companies have to engage in scientific research instead of research institutes. At their own expense. At their own risk.


Obstacles to the development of production are factors of seasonality of orders. Because of this, there is a periodic packing (overproduction), followed by a seasonal deficit (at these moments, delivery times are delayed). The market is too young and is, in many ways, in a situation of uncertainty, so it is unlikely to predict demand in advance. At the same time, the market is not large enough to establish large scale production - it just does not pay off and will be idle most of the time.



This information note was prepared by the J'son & Partners Consulting. We work hard to provide factual and prognostic data that fully reflect the situation and available at the time of release. J'son & Partners Consulting reserves the right to revise the data after publication of new official information by individual players. 


Copyright © 2018, J'son & Partners Consulting. The media can use the text, graphics and data contained in this market review only using a link to the source of information - J'son & Partners Consulting or with an active link to the JSON.TV portal


™ J'son & Partners [registered trademark] 


Detailed results of the study are presented in the full version of the report 


«Cargo drone market in Russia and in the world, 2017-2020»



1.Fields of application of cargo drones    

2.Classification of cargo UAVs      

3.The world market of cargo UAVs

4.The Russian market of cargo UAVs      

5.Supply of cargo UAVs in the world       

5.1.Cargo transportation    

5.1.1.  Helicopters Operating AG Helicopter 

5.1.2.  Tiltrotor  

5.1.3.  Gliders/Fixed-wing systems Technology Intelligent Systems Aircraft America      

5.1.4.  Multirotors Helicopters Group-HorseFly  Delivery Canada Aeronautics - JD.com Aviation AS Prime Air Flight Technologies  

5.2.Transportation of passengers 

5.2.1.  Volocopter   

5.2.2.  Workhorse Group-SureFly  

5.2.3.  Ehang

6.Supply of cargo UAVs in Russia  


6.1.1.  NPP "Radar-MMS" - Breeze 

6.1.2.  NPP "Radar MMS" - BPV-500        

6.1.3.  LLC "KB INDELA"    

6.1.4.  LLC "Tiber"

6.1.5.  LLC "Omnitech"      

6.2.Tiltrotors/Hybrid systems       

6.2.1.  LLC "Research Drones"      

6.2.2.  Group "Kronstadt"   

6.2.3.  Komtek, LLC / Donstroy    

6.2.4.  LLC " KB " Aerostart""       

6.2.5.  LLC "Aerokso"        

6.2.6.  LLC "Optiplan Unmanned Systems"        

6.2.7.  LLC Innovative Complex Systems 


6.3.1.  OKB air Solutions (SKYF)   

6.3.2.  Hoversurf     

6.3.3.  LLC "BOSON"

6.3.4.  LLC "Agrolaboratorii"" (RusAeroLab)       

6.3.5.  LLC " Copter Express Technologies""

6.3.6.  Efficient Energy Systems

6.3.7.  LLC " GEOSCAN"     

6.3.8.  LLC "Systems of SKAT"     

7.Cases of application of GBLA for cargo delivery        

7.1.Amazon UK      

7.2.Flirtey Australia  

7.3.Zipline USA       


7.5.DHL Germany   

7.6.Matternet Switzerland   

7.7.Vayu Madagascar        

7.8.JD.com China    

7.9.SF Express China


8.Barriers and limitations in the use of cargo drones for carriage of goods    

8.1.Technical barriers/ difficulties  

8.2.Economic barrier

8.3.Legislative barrier        

8.4.Climate barriers 

9.Risks of using UAVs for cargo transportation and ways to reduce them     

10.Personnel and qualification requirements required to work with UAVS       

11.Characteristics of the goods, factors and limitations considered in the transport drones

12.Approaches to evaluation of economic effect from implementation of cargo drones     

12.1.Typical UAV design and composition of components

12.2.Main cost items for the purchase and operation of UAV

12.3.Case example of costs for the purchase, repair and operation of UAV based on the experience of the operator

13.Cost of helicopter transportation in Russia    

13.1.Cost of helicopters in the Russian market

13.2.Analysis of the cost of operation of helicopters in Russia

13.3.Helicopter life cycle cost estimation

13.4.Evaluation of various options for the cost of the acquisition of helicopters

13.5.Demand in the Russian market of helicopter transportations


List of pictures

Pic. 1. Estimation of the regional structure of the global commercial UAV market by number of manufacturers in 2017        

Pic. 2. Estimation of the share of UAVs used for cargo transportation in the total volume of the world market of commercial UAVs, % of the number of drones, 2017

Pic. 3. Estimation of sales of cargo delivery services by type of delivery area, average for the period 2016-2035. 

Pic. 4. Estimation of cargo UAV supply on the global market, 2018    

Pic. 5. Estimation of cargo UAV supply on the global market by types, 2018 

Pic. 6. Cost of delivery of the payload for heavy UAVs, USD/kg        

Pic. 7. Estimation of cargo UAV supply on the Russian market, 2018  

Pic. 8. Estimation of cargo UAV supply on the Russian market by types, 2018        

Pic. 9. SwissDrones Operating AG 

Pic. 10. Yamaha Helicopter 

Pic. 11. The tiltrotor DHL   

Pic. 12. Wingcopter 

Pic. 13. Zipline        

Pic. 14. Tengoen Technology       

Pic. 15. UVS Intelligent System     

Pic. 16. Singular Aircraft     

Pic. 17. Plan-amphibian Ariel from Drone America         

Pic. 18. Nautilus      

Pic. 19. Airbus Helicopters  

Pic. 20. Workhorse Group-HorseFly        

Pic. 21. Drone Delivery Canada     

Pic. 22. Malloy Aeronautics 

Pic. 23. Alibaba       

Pic. 24. Flytrex        

Pic. 25. Matternet    

Pic. 26. Boeing 42

Pic. 27. Griff Aviation AS    

Pic. 28. Flirty/ 7Eleven       

Pic. 29. Amazon Prime Air  

Pic. 30. Multirotor    

Pic. 31. Skyfront     

Pic. 32. Top Flight Technologies   

Pic. 33. Volocopter  

Pic. 34. Workhorse Group-SureFly 

Pic. 35. Ehang        

Pic. 36. NPP "Radar MMS" - Briz    

Pic. 37. NPP "Radar MMS" - BPV-500       

Pic. 38. LLC "Design studio INDELA"

Pic. 39. LLC "Tiber"

Pic. 40. LLC "Omnitech"     

Pic. 41. Dronex Research   

Pic. 42. Group "Kronstadt" 

Pic. 43. LLC Komtek / Donstroy   

Pic. 44. LLC "Design studio Aerostart"     

Pic. 45. LLC "Aerokso"      

Pic. 46. LLC "Optiplan Unmanned Systems"       

Pic. 47. LLC Innovative Complex Systems

Pic. 48. Design studio Air Solutions (SKYF)         

Pic. 49. Hoversurf   

Pic. 50. LLC "BOSON""      

Pic. 51. LLC "Agrolaboratorii" (RusAeroLab)       

Pic. 52. LLC " Copter Express Technologies"      

Pic. 53. Efficient Energy Systems   

Pic. 54. LLC " GEOSCAN""  

Pic. 55. LLC "systems of SKAT""   

Pic. 56. Amazon UK 

Pic. 57. Amazon UK 

Pic. 58. Amazon UK 

Pic. 59. Flirtey Australia      

Pic. 60. JD.com China        

Pic. 61. Sberbank    

Pic. 62. Load-range operating range diagram for different types of cargo drones     

Pic. 63. Power of different UAV power sources, W / kg 

Pic. 64. Comparative cost of delivery by different modes of transport

Pic. 65. Sign "no fly zone" on red Square 

Pic. 66. Basic algorithm for determining the suitability of material and technical resources for transportation using UAV    

Pic. 67. Algorithm of decision-making on the technical possibility of transportation of material and technical resources with the help of UAV on the developed routes        

Pic. 68. Cost of cargo delivery using UAV for various pilot projects ( cargo weight-2 kg, delivery distance -16 km)   

Pic. 69. Correlation of cargo weight, flight range and cost of cargo UAVs      

Pic. 70. Cost of delivery of the payload for heavy UAVs, USD/kg       

Pic. 71. Logistic schemes of deliveries of MTR by means of UAVs      

Pic. 72. Comparative assessment of the expected level of costs and the cost of transportation of MTR by means of UAVs in comparison with other transport      

Pic. 73. Main elements of an unmanned aerial vehicle   

Pic. 74. Average producer price for helicopters produced in Russia, 2012-2016,       

Pic. 75. Structure of operating costs of the helicopter on the rating of JSC "Helicopters of Russia" 

Pic. 76. Structure of fixed and variable costs in the cost of flight hours

Pic. 77. Components of the life cycle of the helicopter


List of tables

Table. 1. Assessment of the volume and value of the global market of cargo UAVs, 2017-2020    

Table. 2. Valuation of the global services market based on cargo UAVs, 2016-2035, $ billion / AERONET 

Table. 3. Average characteristics of different types of cargo UAVs in the world market      

Table. 4. Expectations of the UAV delivery market development for the next years in the world    

Table. 5. Estimation of the volume and value of the Russian market of commercial cargo UAVs, 2018-2021.

Table. 6. Main disadvantages of different types of cargo UAVs

Table. 7. Matrix of choice of transport type for transportation of MTR

Table. 8. Specification of the most advanced UAVs in the world        

Table. 9. Comparative analysis of the cost of flight hours and delivery of modern UAVs     

Table. 10. List of capital and operating expenses

Table. 11. Prices for new main types of helicopters on the Russian market   

Table. 12. Prices for the main types of used helicopters on the Russian market      

Table. 13. Dynamics of prices for used helicopters in the EU market depending on the year of production

Table. 14. Dynamics of prices for used helicopters in the EU market depending on the year of production

Table. 15. Key areas of optimization of helicopter operation costs    

Table. 16. Resource of the main types of domestic helicopters Mi and Ka models   

Table. 17. Types of maintenance for Ansat helicopters"

Table. 18. Comparison of options for the purchase of helicopter       

Table. 19. Volume of competitive procurement of helicopters and helicopter services in 2017      

Table. 20. Categories of buyers of helicopters and services for their maintenance and helicopter transportation in Russia in 2017.

Table. 21. List of key contracts for helicopter transportation of passengers and cargo in the corporate market segment in Russia in 2017  

Table. 22. Territorial zoning of the Russian helicopter services market (according to the place of issue of the certificate of airworthiness of helicopters)