The market of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV, drones) in Russia and in the world, 2017

December 2018

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Analytical Report (full version)

The market of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV, drones) in Russia and in the world, 2017
The market of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV, drones) in Russia and in the world, 2017
December 2018

The market of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV, drones) in Russia and in the world, 2017

December 2018

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J'son & Partners Consulting presents the updated results of the research "Market of unmanned aerial vehicles/drones (UAVs) in Russia and in the world". The study was prepared with the support of the Association "AERONET" (the only Russian professional Association of legal entities engaged in the development and operation of civil unmanned aviation systems).


The global UAV market is experiencing explosive growth. At the same time, in value terms, civil drones are already slightly less than half of the market (47%), of which commercial UAVs account for half of the total (24%), and the remaining part is for consumer UAVs (23%). Public concern about the use of drones is turning into public approval, as society begins to understand the benefits of introducing drones in different spheres of life.


Russia at the end of last year held 2% of the world market in money terms, while in the military UAV segment its share is much higher (15% in units). The peculiarity of the Russian UAV market is predominance of military drone manufacturers. Further growth of the local market and export potential of domestic solutions is still hampered by serious regulatory restrictions.


The global UAV market


According to the definition approved by the ICAO Assembly in 2004, an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV or drone) is an aircraft without a pilot ... that performs a flight without an aircraft commander on board and is either fully remotely controlled from another location from the ground, from another aircraft, from space, or programmed and fully autonomous.


Aviation experts distinguish three main types of aircraft, except military missiles, which fly without on-board pilots. Namely:

- remotely controlled;

- programmed and operated under the control of on-board navigation systems that support altitude, direction and location;

- designed with imposed flight restrictions and flying in a repetitive manner.


Initially, UAVs were developed to solve military problems. An UAV called General Atomics MQ-1 Predator was launched in 1995, becoming the first important drone for military needs. Parrot AR.Drone (version 1.0) became the first drone for consumer needs; it was announced at CES Las Vegas in 2010. But mostly people did not hear about drones until 2013, when Amazon announced testing of drones for delivery of consumer orders. After that the market began to develop rapidly opening up new areas of private and commercial use of UAVs.


UAVs can be classified by a set of different characteristics – this diversity is a consequence of use of a variety of configurations and components of UAVs. For example, UAVs can be classified according to the layout scheme, type of takeoff, intended purpose, type of engine, type of navigation, payload, etc. At the same time there has appeared a whole ecosystem around the UAV production process, including component manufacturers, developers, integrators, service companies, insurance companies, trading platforms.


According to J'son & Partners Consulting, the global UAV market in 2017 amounted to $7.8 billion and will continue to grow actively. A large part of the cost of this market is military drones (53%). In quantitative terms, the market structure is reverse: the main share in the number of units is held by consumer UAVs (84%), 15% is accounted for commercial UAVs and only 0.5% – for military drones. This is due to the fact that military UAVs cost in average 200 times more than drones for civilian market.


Due to the gradual reduction in the cost of the component base of the UAV, as well as a big number of new players entering the market, including the military segment, the average cost of drones will continue to decline by 2020 in all segments by 7-27%. This will lead to a change in the structure of the UAV market (both in monetary and quantitative terms), as the market will receive hundreds of thousands and even millions of consumer drones that will continue to constantly fall in price, their functionality will already become comparable with commercial UAVs, and the military market will have new players (for example, from China), which will offer the necessary functionality at a lower price than today's models.


According to J'son & Partners Consulting, the global UAV market will grow much faster in quantity than in value. And consumer UAVs will remain its main driver.


In the regional context, the overwhelming share of the global UAV market is occupied by the United States. They account for half of all UAV sales. Such a high share in the cost of sales of drones is due to the fact that almost all military UAVs in the world are sold in the US with the military market share of 87%. At the same time, by 2020, the US share in the number of drones is expected to decrease, as demand in the European-Asian markets is growing at a faster pace, as well as the need for cheaper devices.


In 2016, there were at least 483 UAV manufacturers in the world (276 of them were civilian and 308 were military, some worked in both market segments simultaneously), including major military manufacturers such as Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman and Sikorsky Aircraft.


Military producers play a relatively small role in the civilian market. Most manufacturers of civil UAVs now are small and medium-sized companies with an average age of 6.5 years and an average number of employees 8.3 people. The positions of traditional, large aircraft manufacturers, which dominated earlier, are replaced by new, less well-known companies and startups offering more innovative products at a similar or lower price.



Technological and consumer trends in the UAV market


- There are new questions about legality of use of UAVs in different situations, as the range of applications of drones is constantly growing.


- Transition of manufacturers and service companies from the stage of studying UAV technologies and the market to the introduction of technologies and solutions.


- UAV insurance becomes a priority. Service companies have started commercial operation of UAVs and acquire a wide fleet of drones, which requires reducing the risks of their operation.


- The global market for UAV services is beginning to take shape. Service companies that provide services around the world, introduce drones into their processes and offer them to their customers.


- Civilian and military UAVs have begun to cannibalize the market for satellites and manned aircrafts, and this trend will continue to grow.


- There is a growing demand for high-quality data.


- Mass introduction of flight stabilization systems in consumer UAVs.


- Development of the do-it-yourself (DIY) and analyze-it-yourself market segments.


- Consumer drones have become a fashion trend.


- Thousands and tens of thousands of new jobs will be created in the UAV industry around the world.


- Developments in the field of artificial intelligence and specialized sensors will bring the use of drones to a new level.


Barriers to development of the UAV market


The development of the UAV industry meets a number of restrictions and barriers, both legal and technical, which significantly affect the development of this market, both in individual countries and in the world as a whole. Problems of the UAV market development are:


Legal barriers


- Intervention of drones in private life and business secrets


Using even a consumer drone you can easily fly into a private area and make photos and videos, even with use of night vision, thermal imaging and other sensors that can directly violate the principles of non-interference in privacy and trade secrets.


For example, the Supreme Court of Sweden recently actually banned flights of consumer UAVs in the country without special permission, as the Court claimed that all drones with cameras are actually means of remote monitoring and surveillance.


- There is a need for finding a compromise between the needs of private consumers, business and the state


The exponential growth of sold devices and their unlicensed operation could threaten the functioning of public services and pose a threat to national security.


In October 2015, in connection with the increasing number of UAV flights over strategic facilities in the United States, the law on mandatory registration of drones was adopted.


The presidential debate of US presidential candidates at Hofstra University in Hempstead was protected from drone flights by technology provided by AirVu and DeDrone.

Source: www.sourcesecurity.com[1]


[1] https://www.sourcesecurity.com/news/dedrone-dronetracker-system-protects-presidential-debate-against-rogue-drones-co-14378-ga-co-14377-ga.21625.html


- Drones can be used for other purposes:


For the purpose of theft, smuggling, transportation of prohibited substances. And often it is not possible to determine what mission the drone is performing even if it is near you, until this mission is over.


Technical limitation


- UAVs can pose a danger to other air traffic participants, as well as vehicles, infrastructure and people on the ground


Drones have become much cheaper. Now almost anyone can afford to buy a drone. Without the mandatory regulation of UAV flights and the interconnection of their flights with the flights of existing aircraft, there is a risk of air collisions and drone crashes. Even in an urban environment, the drone can touch power lines. The number of accidents of consumer drones from the total number of sold devices is now up to 30%, as the technology of automatic collision avoidance is at an insufficient level. For example, a multirotor has a mass of 1 – 4 kg, a rigid body and rapidly rotating propellers, and its collision with people or vehicles can lead to negative consequences.


According to official statistics, collisions of aircrafts with birds led to the death of 255 passengers around the world in the period from 1988 to the present time. The consequences of passenger aircraft collisions with drones have not yet been studied. According to the report published by the European aviation security Agency, at an altitude of 3 kilometers, the drone, whose weight does not exceed 1.5 kilograms (all amateur flying devices fall under this category), does not pose any critical threat to the aircraft of any purpose.



- Insufficient autonomy of UAVs


Automatic piloting of modern drones remains limited. Most missions take place within the line of sight of the drone operator. Flights out of sight of the operator are often prohibited.


- Batteries and limited flight time of UAV multicopters


- Flight stability of consumer UAVs outdoors depends on the weather condition


- Signals of GPS-receivers of drones, as well as any signals received/sent by UAVs, can be intercepted and replaced (GPS-spoofing), thus the control of the drone can be lost


- Radio interference. Radio frequency effects and the risk of interference with drone control may occurin areas with dense urban development.


Market barriers


- In some countries, the operator of a commercial drone must have a special license, without which the operation of the drone is illegal, and obtaining this license involves examination and payment of a state fee


- In some countries, there is a requirement for compulsory insurance of commercial UAVs


- In some countries, there are customs restrictions on the import and export of UAVs, for example, exporting of drones from the United States is prohibited. Thus, the entry to some UAV markets may be difficult for US manufacturers.


Unprocessed regulation is one of the key barriers to the widespread introduction of UAVs in many countries of the world. At the same time, unmanned technologies are developing much faster than legislation is being developed to regulate the industry.


Companies understand the advantages of using drones, but they need transparent rules that define the order and scope of use of these devices, establish requirements for the safety and efficiency of operation of drones, as well as the grounds on which the relevant authorities will issue licenses or permits for commercial use of drones. Insurance companies have an important role to play in this process. Their goal is to obtain a policy that protects the drone operators and the company from damages and civil liability. Once the regulatory framework is in place, many companies that are hesitant to use drones now will decide to introduce them to get ahead of the competition.


France, Spain and England are the leading EU countries for the operation of UAVs. The legal and regulatory framework in these countries has been developed for several years and is at a sufficient level. In the EU, Canada, China, Australia allowed the use of UAVs for commercial purposes, but subject to certification of the drone and the operator.


In order to facilitate the legitimization of civilian UAVs, some countries have introduced the following simplified procedures:


- independent online registration of drones and certification on the website of the regulator;


- installation of a SIM card in the drone for data transmission and identification purposes;


- the adoption of the standard rules on informing the public on local rules flying drones;


- compulsory insurance of commercial UAVs.


The UAV market in Russia


At the end of 2017, Russia held 0.3% share in the amount and 2% share in the value of the world market. In 2017, the Russian UAV market is estimated at 163 million dollars (9.5 billion rubles) and by 2020 the market can grow by 1.5 times. Russia occupies a more significant share in the military UAV segment – 15% in the number of sales.


According to J'son & Partners Consulting, the share of drones of domestic production in the Russian market is 10% in 2017 and will increase to 11% by 2020. The main growth will be in the commercial segment, where a large activity of Russian manufacturers is expected and which will double to the current level – up to 40% of commercial drones sold in Russia will be of domestic production. The consumer mass segment will be fully controlled by popular foreign brands (like DJI) with a slight presence of Russian manufacturers (5 %). Military UAVs of foreign production, which are now purchased in small amounts by military departments for studying the foreign experience, may almost disappear by 2020.


According to the AERONET Association, the civil market is present 190 +/- 20 companies operating in the market of civil UAVS, having an age of not more than three years and having a staff of up to five employees. Their total revenue is estimated by the Association in 1400 +/- 500 million rubles. The business of these companies includes:


- production and sale of own UAVs and their components;

- distribution of foreign drones and components;

- provision of services based on UAVs (30% of companies).


The specifics of the Russian UAV market is the predominance of military drone manufacturers and the extremely small presence of consumer and commercial drone manufacturers. At the same time, the majority of military UAV manufacturers have either outdated technical models in their portfolio, or only experienced modern models that are shown at exhibitions, but do not enter mass production (for the needs of the state or for export). And, despite significant budget infusions from the government, made by Russian companies of the military industrial complex now cannot compete with Western samples, for instance with drones of Israel.


A similar picture is in the consumer UAV segment: the entire market is occupied by the products of foreign companies, mostly Chinese. And, despite the fact that over the past 2-3 years, start-up companies have appeared in the country, for example in SKOLKOVO, they are all at the stage of development and testing of prototypes or, at best, the first piece orders and do not carry out mass sales.


If we talk about the commercial segment, now the Russian market employs at least 58 domestic manufacturers with existing models or at least prototypes. Most of the companies produce dual-use products-fulfill the state order and at the same time try to make money on the commercial market. Manufacturers with the largest number of commercial UAV models in the portfolio are Zala Aero Group, LLC "Unmanned systems" and "Istra experimental mechanical plant".


The consumer segment of the Russian market is dominated by foreign UAV manufacturers. The main share of the consumer market is occupied by cheap drones in the price segment up to $250. It is more correct to say that this radio-controlled toys purchased mainly for entertainment.


If we assume that the conditions in the Russian UAV market by 2020 will suddenly become the same as in the United States, taking into account the same penetration (UAV/1000 inhabitants), the volume of sales in the Russian market could be eight times greater than the forecast (970 thousand units per year).


Advantages of UAVs


Compared with manned aircraft, UAVs have the following advantages:


- UAVs can be used at very low altitudes, which allows you to get unattainable for manned vehicles geodetic accuracy (up to 2-3 cm against 15-20 cm); in almost any weather, under the clouds;


- you can almost always put the same shooting equipment on an UAV as on a manned aircraft, though it has a small weight; due to the much smaller weight of the UAV itself, much less energy is required for shooting and, accordingly, costs (for example, 1 hour of a helicopter flight costs from 120 thousand rubles, 1 hour of a flight costs from 20 thousand rubles);


- UAVs can be delivered to the place of work by cheap land transport or regular flight, the manned vehicle is delivered to the place of work much more expensive;


- UAVs are more effective when shooting linear objects (since it is difficult for a heavy manned aircraft to follow the trajectory of this object) and when shooting small objects;


- UAVs can provide significantly greater accuracy of the passage of a given route due to lower weight and automatic control;


- the drone can be owned directly by the data consumer, there is no need to order a survey and wait for the execution of works;


- delivery drones reduces the delivery time of orders: drones can "hand" the order in just half an hour;


- operation of a professional UAV is 10 times cheaper than a helicopter or an airplane, and also safer for pilots, so the air force of many countries re-equip their fleet of aircraft;


- similarly, in comparison with satellites, UAVs have significantly lower development and operation costs, better resolution and accuracy, mobility, cloud independence.


In many cases, the use of drones is implemented in routine operations of inspection, control, monitoring of the state of equipment, warehouses, territories, as well as the replacement of a person in dangerous for health and life activities: processing chemicals, flights in difficult weather conditions, flights to dangerous zones.


We thank the AERONET Association and Gleb Babintsev for their help in conducting the research, organizing interviews with representatives of the industry and expert opinion.


Comments of UAV market players:



Gleb Babintsev, CIO AERONET Association


What positive changes can be expected in the UAV market due to the recent approval of the roadmap for improving legislation in the interests of the AERONET market?


The fact that business and a number of Federal authorities have agreed on certain regulatory changes is positive. In the roadmap, we described not only the names of the documents that need to be developed or finalized, but also the purpose of regulation, which each new norm should correspond to. There was a projected time frame for the development of regulations and the hope that these new laws will be workable and balanced.


First of all, we will work to establish a safe altitude of 150 meters, where it will be possible to fly according to the rules of visual flight without obtaining permission – this is the first step towards integration, which has already been made around the world;


- we keep waiting for change of the mode of secrecy when carrying out air shooting;


-  once again, we will work out an appropriate procedure for accounting for UA and their identification – these are closely related processes.


There is a lot of work on the legislation, but we perceive the prospect in a positive way. If in a question of removal of barriers partnership cooperation of branch business and the state as it is put in the order of the Government of 03.04.2018 N 402 on creation of the Infrastructure Centers is created, we will be able to develop necessary regulation and to increase rate of development of the market.


What is holding back the growth of the Russian UAV market now and what can contribute to its growth?


Unfortunately, in addition to normative regulation, over the past three years, General industry-wide system-forming technologies have not been developed. In order for the market to break in development, for Russia to set standards in the world markets, we must be the first to learn how to safely perform joint flights of several UAVs with each other and UAVs with manned vessels at least in the lower class G! Each pilot should be on your monitor to see other aircraft even in controlled airspace, at least where there is no dispatcher or any communication.


The market is in dire need of such technology, moreover, it is in Russia that there is a modern effective and not expensive solution, but it is carefully ignored, and business appeals to institutions created seemingly for the technological development of new markets remain strangely unheard.


Nevertheless, the AERONET Association is developing a solution to this issue, and soon we will introduce the necessary technologies into practice.     


Alexei Semenov, Chairman of the Board, “Geoscan” Group



Prospects of the Russian UAV market, the most promising niches for use, differences from the world as a whole. Constraints that can contribute to the growth of this market?


The prospects of the Russian UAV market, as well as the global UAV market, are very high. For several years, the annual growth exceeds 50%, and it is not yet clear that it can stop and even reduce. Promising niches - the solution of the cadastral problem (the establishment of the boundaries of the areas registered conditionally / without borders/, correction of previously made mistakes), the creation of a single electronic cartographic basis, monitoring in agriculture (precision farming, differential fertilization), the creation of "digital copies" of smart cities, the identification of heat loss, monitoring of extended infrastructure facilities, construction monitoring, geological exploration, work in emergency situations, in the future – delivery (last mile).


Unlike the world as a whole-large areas that require more work in the collection of information and delivery of goods, low population density, which is more effective point work ultra-small aircraft, the presence of domestic manufacturers and technologies.


Constraints – the lack of possibility of flights without obtaining a special permit, unsettled procedures for certification and registration of UAVS, the unsolved problem of the movement of UAVS and manned AIRCRAFT in the General airspace, the duration of the removal of secrecy regimes from the information received.


Accordingly, the removal of these restrictions contributes to the rapid development of the industry.


Prospects and export potential of Russian manufacturers, key areas of expertise where we are competitive in the global market.


If we talk about industrial UAVs, they are produced by only a few countries in the world, and Russia is one of the leaders. Russian manufacturers have prospects to take a significant place in the markets of those countries where Russian equipment is traditionally used.


Russian producers are competitive in UAVs with long-endurance (a consequence of the permissibility of flying UAVs beyond line of sight and the traditionally high capacity in aircraft building and model aircraft) and UAVs with complex sensors or data processing systems (a consequence of much of the scientific potential developers).


Vladimir Spinko, COO AEROXO

Prospects of the Russian UAV market, the most promising niches for use, differences from the world as a whole. Limiting factors that may contribute to the growth of this market?


I certainly hope that the Russian UAV market will continue to grow. The most promising niches are related to the size of the country: logistics (long - distance delivery, not last mile delivery), infrastructure monitoring (oil and gas pipelines, power lines) and forestry. It is interesting to use in agriculture, primarily monitoring of land, and in a few years-the solution of the tasks performed by agricultural aviation. The main deterrent is legislative barriers.


Prospects and export potential of Russian manufacturers, key areas of expertise where we are competitive in the global market.


Control systems, control algorithms for single and multi-UAV algorithms of information (e.g., machine vision). All those areas where you can take foreign components and write your math, "teach" UAVs to do something new.


Vasily Lukashov, CIO Innovative Integrated Systems

Prospects of the Russian UAV market, the most promising niches for use, differences from the world as a whole (if any). Constraints that can contribute to the growth this market?


The Russian market of unmanned aerial vehicles, as such, is at the stage of formation. There is already a demand for the application of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) in geodesy and cartography, to monitor the condition of linear objects (oil and gas pipelines, power lines), in agriculture, monitoring activities, as well as in a number of other sectors of the civil segment. As a result of demand, UAV operators, developers and manufacturers of complex systems have formed and successfully operate.


At the same time, the areas of activity are not strictly defined at the moment: in most cases, companies tend to develop, produce and operate independently. Obviously, it is impossible to develop equally successfully in all directions at the same time. The process of distribution of spheres of activity for highly specialized companies in each of the areas of development of the BAS market: development, production, operation is inevitable. In the future, the direction of educational activities for training as a separate business model will be highlighted.


Very little is covered by the market of delivery of goods using UAVs. For complex solutions of our company this market is one of the priorities. And even the negative experience of the "Russian Post", in my opinion, in General for the industry gave a positive result: for those who still doubted, it became obvious that the reliability and quality of UAVs play a primary role and should be trusted by professionals, and not try to go their own way, collecting UAV sets of Chinese manufacturers.


In general, I believe that in terms of technical solutions, Russia still lags behind foreign market players. Despite the presence of unique developments, including the creation of fully autonomous unmanned aircraft systems that do not need human participation even in the preparation of the flight task (the route of the unmanned aircraft), the existing legal restrictions are extremely severely inhibit the development of the Russian UAV market.




This information note was prepared by the J'son & Partners Consulting. We work hard to provide factual and prognostic data that fully reflect the situation and available at the time of release. J'son & Partners Consulting reserves the right to revise the data after publication of new official information by individual players. 


Copyright © 2018, J'son & Partners Consulting. The media can use the text, graphics and data contained in this market review only using a link to the source of information - J'son & Partners Consulting or with an active link to the JSON.TV portal


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Detailed results of the study are presented in the full version of the report


“The market of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV, drones) in Russia and in the world, 2017”



1. Classification and segments of UAVs

1.1. Definition of UAV

1.2. Scheme of UAV

1.3. Classification of UAVs by:

- design / configuration

- type of takeoff

- designated purpose

- industries and applications

- technical characteristic

- power supply type

- payload

- carryings

- type of automation system

- collision avoidance system

- the type of navigation

- types of signal jamming protection

- on-board data processing

- software specializations

1.4. Ecosystem of the UAV market

- UAV manufacturers

- manufacturers of components and systems for UAVs

- software developers

- service providers

2. Dynamics and trends of the UAV market in the world

2.1. Assessment of the global UAV market

2.2. UAV manufacturers and popular models

2.2.1.Consumer UAVs for photo and video shooting   

2.2.2.UAV software and hardware developers

2.3. Investments in the UAV market

- investments in startups

- investments in operating companies

- trends in investment strategies

- political and economic trends

- market and sector trends

- regional investments

- investments by spheres of application

2.4. M&A activity in the UAV market

2.5. Partnership in the UAV market

2.6. Advantages of UAVs

2.7. Trends and prospects of UAV application in various fields

- Main technological and consumer trends in the UAV market

- Potential commercial spheres of application of UAVs in the coming years

2.8. Barriers to development of the UAV market

2.9. State regulation of the UAV sector

3. The UAV market in Russia

3.1. The size and dynamics of the UAV market in Russia

3.2. Main manufacturers and brands of UAVs in Russia

- commercial segment

- consumer segment

3.3. State regulation of the UAV sector in Russia

3.4. Barriers to development of the UAV market in Russia

3.5. Prospects of development of the UAV sector in Russia


List of pictures

Pic. 1. The main elements of an unmanned aerial vehicle

Pic. 2. Value chain in the UAV market    

Pic. 3. Evaluation of the structure of the ecosystem of the market for civil UAVS in the number of represented companies in the market

Pic. 4. Main manufacturers of unmanned aerial vehicles  

Pic. 5. Main manufacturers of components and systems for unmanned aerial vehicles

Pic. 6. Main software developers for unmanned aerial vehicles

Pic. 7. The main companies in the service sector of unmanned aerial vehicles      

Pic. 8. The main companies-operators of the fleet of unmanned aerial vehicles    

Pic. 9. Assessment of the dynamics of the global UAV market in sales and in the number of drones in 2014-2020.

Pic. 10. Assessment of the structure of sales in the global UAV market in 2017, % of billion dollars           

Pic. 11. Assessment of the structure of the global UAV market in 2017, % of the number of drones           

Pic. 12. Evaluation of the structure of the global market by segment up to 2020, % of sales          

Pic. 13. Evaluation of the structure of the global market by segment up to 2020, % of the number of BLAH           

Pic. 14. Assessment of the structure of consumer UAV in the US by types, 2016   

Pic. 15. Assessment of the US share in the global UAV market in 2017 and 2020. 

Pic. 16. Assessment of UAV penetration per 1000 inhabitants in the world and in the USA in 2014-2020     

Pic. 17. Assessment of the regional structure of the global UAV market by the number of producers in 2017

Pic. 18. Assessment of the structure of UAV manufacturers in the world by type, % of the number of companies in 2017   

Pic. 19. Assessment of manufacturers ' orientation by UAV size, % of the number of companies in 2017    

Pic. 20. Assessment of producer orientation by UAV types, % of the number of companies, in 2017

Pic. 21. Assessment of the distribution of manufacturers of components and UAV services in the world by products, in 2017           

Pic. 22. Assessment of the structure of the global consumer UAV market in 2016, % of the amount          

Pic. 23. Estimation of sales volume of the largest producers of consumer UAV in the world in 2016, million dollars

Pic. 24. Ranking of the top 20 consumer UAV companies in the world by the number of search queries and references, 3Q2016           

Pic. 25. Development of the market of unmanned aerial vehicles in 2010-2016     

Pic. 26. Rating of consumer drones in the US market in 4Q2015, by the number of certifications    

Pic. 27. Model DJI Mavic Pro Platinum    

Pic. 28. Model DJI Phantom 2 Vision+    

Pic. 29. Model Skydio R1           

Pic. 30. Model AirDog 2 

Pic. 31. The Model Of The Hover Camera          

Pic. 32. Model ECA Group IT18  

Pic. 33. Model Airbus Zefir's      

Pic. 34. Model Delta Drone        

Pic. 35. Model Skycatch Evolution          

Pic. 36. Model CyPhy PARC       

Pic. 37. Mavic model of DJI, Parrot Roadmap in the commercial sector    

Pic. 38. The FPV model Parrot Disco      

Pic. 39. Model Sensefly Ebee     

Pic. 40. 3D Robotics Solo model 

Pic. 41. Model Xiaomi Mi Drone 

Pic. 42. Model Of AeroVironment Qube   

Pic. 43. Model Intel Falcon 8+   

Pic. 44. Model BLAH from start-up Titan Aerospace        

Pic. 45. Model PrecisionHawk    

Pic. 46. Model of Ehang Ghost drone      

Pic. 47. Universal solution Prodrone       

Pic. 48. The FLIR Vue Pro R      

Pic. 49. Slantrange hyperspectral camera           

Pic. 50. Pix4D software interface

Pic. 51. Processor for Ambarella drones 

Pic. 52. Flight route of the UAV, created by Airware        

Pic. 53. A drone made by Dronomy       

Pic. 54. Luci Controller  

Pic. 55. Investment activity in the UAV market in 2010-2015       

Pic. 56. Financing of the UAV market by type in 2015, million dollars       

Pic. 57. Top 20 startups that received early stage funding in 2015, million dollars

Pic. 58. Using of a drone from Lily Robotics Inc.

Pic. 59. Model Hexo+

Pic. 60. The top 20 UAV operators on raised financing in 2012-2016, mln dollars  

Pic. 61. Forecast of R&D on UAVs around the world in 2011-2020

Pic. 62. M & a activity in the civil UAV market in 2011-2015        

Pic. 63. Partnerships in the UAV market in 2016-2017     

Pic. 64. The use of drones in agriculture 

Pic. 65. The use of drones for emergency assistance (delivery of defibrillators)    

Pic. 66. Illustration of pipeline monitoring           

Pic. 67. Construction monitoring illustration        

Pic. 68. Drone mapping illustration         

Pic. 69. Illustration of cargo delivery by drone    

Pic. 70. Live broadcast from the scene using a drone

Pic. 71. Monitoring of the territory in order to protect the environmental situation 

Pic. 72. Assessment of the structure of global demand for commercial UAV by types of consumers up to 2020

Pic. 73. Research on the topic: "What do you think about drones?"          

Pic. 74. Application of protection against drones in the us presidential election in 2016      

Pic. 75. A sample of the consequences of the collision of aircraft with ordinary birds         

Pic. 76. An example of zoning of the airspace restrictions for flights of civil BLAH

Pic. 77. Assessment of the dynamics of the Russian UAV market in sales and in the number of drones in 2014-2020

Pic. 78. Assessment of Russia's share in the global market value, 2017    

Pic. 79. Estimation of UAV penetration per 1000 inhabitants in Russia, in the world and in the USA in 2014-2020.   

Pic. 80. Assessment of the share of UAVS of Russian production in the Russian market in 2017 and 2020   

Pic. 81. Areas of activity of Russian companies operating in the Russian UAV market        

Pic. 82. Market orientation of Russian UAV manufacturers, % of the number of models in the portfolio      

Pic. 83. Geography of Russian UAV manufacturers, % of the number of companies          

Pic. 84. The structure of the portfolio of Russian manufacturers by types of UAV, % of the number of models

Pic. 85. Portfolio structure of Russian commercial UAV manufacturers, % of the number of models           

Pic. 86. Gliders Zala Aero Group

Pic. 87. Zala Aero Group Multicopters     

Pic. 88. Target loads of Zala Aero Group

Pic. 89. Balloon ZART 180, 250, 300

Pic. 90. Multicopter Supercam X6M2      

Pic. 91. Multicopter Supercam X8M        

Pic. 92. UAV Supercam X6        

Pic. 93. Glider Supercam S-300M           

Pic. 94. Glider Supercam S350   

Pic. 95. Glider Supercam S100

Pic. 96. Glider Supercam S-250  

Pic. 97. Photobot Glider 

Pic. 98. Glider " Inspector 101"  

Pic. 99. Glider " Inspector 301"  

Pic. 100. Glider " Inspector 201"

Pic. 101. Glider " Inspector 401"

Pic. 102. Glider "GEOSCAN 101" /Geo    

Pic. 103. Complex GEOSCAN 201 Geodesy in real life      

Pic. 104. Multicopter "GEOSCAN-401" / "Pro" / " Video"   

Pic. 105. Glider "Tipchak"          

Pic. 106. Glider "Beam" 

Pic. 107. Glider " Bee-1"

Pic. 108. Convertiplanes ERA-51, ERA-52, ERA-101, ERA-102, " Aero"      

Pic. 109. The quadcopter X4 R. A. L., R. A. L. X6, X6T A. R. L.    

Pic. 110. The Tiltrotor "Eagle Owl"         

Pic. 111. TB-29V Tiber helicopter          

Pic. 112. Tiltrotor RHV-35         

Pic. 113. The Multi-Rotor "Helicopters Of Russia"

Pic. 114. Multicopter " Wood Pigeon"

Pic. 115. Tiltrotor " Frigate"       

Pic. 116. Glider "Orion" 

Pic. 117. The plane of the AS-2"

Pic. 118. Helicopter " Raven-300"          

Pic. 119. Helicopter " Raven-700"          

Pic. 120. Multicopter "NELK-B4", "NELK-B6", "NELK-B12"

Pic. 121. Glider Delta-M

Pic. 122. Glider "Gamma"          

Pic. 123. Glider “Aist”    

Pic. 124. Multicopter Luftera LM-1         

Pic. 125. Multicopters Luftera LQ-4        

Pic. 126. Quadcopter "MIIGAiK X4"        

Pic. 127. Multicopter "MIIGAiK X8" ("Dreadnought")        

Pic. 128. Aerob 4d        

Pic. 129. Aerob 4d FL    

Pic. 130. Glider "Owl"    

Pic. 131. Glider PETREL 2E        

Pic. 132. Unmanned flying machine company "Aerotropolis"        

Pic. 133. Glider La-252 “Aist” (“Stork”)   

Pic. 134. Glider "Altair" ("Altius-M")        

Pic. 135. Glider " Ptero-GO"       

Pic. 136. Multicopter " Granada VA-1000"           

Pic. 137. "Blacker" (МТ6М-03)   

Pic. 138. The first flying Hoversurf         

Pic. 139. Oktokopter DAN-2      

Pic. 140. Glider, “Chirok”           

Pic. 141. Glider " Griffin-12"      

Pic. 142. Multicopter " Griffin-41"           

Pic. 143. Tiltrotor BS-310 " Ricor"          

Pic. 144. Glider " Irkut-200"      

Pic. 145. Aerostat " Irkut-1A"    

Pic. 146. Glider " Irkut-3"          

Pic. 147. Glider " Irkut-10"        

Pic. 148. Glider " Irkut-850"      

Pic. 149. Glider "Irkut-2M"        

Pic. 150. Gliders BLA-05, BLA-07           

Pic. 151. Glider " Enix T10E"      

Pic. 152. Glider " Enix T23E"      

Pic. 153. Glider " Probe 1"         

Pic. 154. Glider " Probe 2"         

Pic. 155. Glider " Istra-10"        

Pic. 156. Glider " Istra-13"        

Pic. 157. Multicopter " Hummingbird-6"  

Pic. 158. Glider "Orlan-1"          

Pic. 159. Glider "Orlan-10", "Orlan-30"   

Pic. 160. Glider "Orlan-3M"        

Pic. 161. Helicopter INDELA-I. N. SKY   

Pic. 162. Tank " Horizon G-Air S-100"    

Pic. 163. Gliders "Garnet-1", "Garnet-2", "Garnet-3", "Garnet-4", "Garnet-5", "Garnet-6", "Fly", " Tachyon"

Pic. 164. The main brands of consumer UAVs on the Russian market       

Pic. 165. Assessment of the structure of the consumer market of UAV in Russia by popular brands, % of the number of drones           

Pic. 166. Evaluation of the top 20 popular consumer UAV in the Russian market, October 2016. Average retail price in US dollars           

Pic. 167. Estimation of retail prices for popular consumer UAV models in Russia by segments, dollars, October 2016


List of tables

Table. 1. Classification of UAVs by design / configuration

Table. 2. Classification of UAVs by type of takeoff

Table. 3. Classification of UAVs by target purpose - military

Table. 4. Classification of UAVs by target purpose - civilian

Table. 5. Classification of UAVs by technical characteristics

Table. 6. Classification of UAVs by power supply type

Table. 7. Examples of resistive load of UAVs      

Table. 8. Assessment of future changes in the average price of UAVs by market segments in 2016-2020

Table. 9. Assessment of the global market growth until 2020, %

Table. 10. TOP 10 Companies in the UAV market attracted external funding in 2015

Table. 11. Regional UAV market investments

Table. 12. Potential commercial applications of UAVs in the coming years

Table. 13. Main characteristics of consumer UAVs in excess of which drone certification is required

Table. 14. Forecast of the maximum capacity of the Russian UAV market in 2020 by segments basing on the penetration level by analogy with the UAV penetration level in the United States

Table. 15. Structure of portfolios of Russian manufacturers by types of UAVs